A Comprehensive Analysis of Outcome of Colectomy in Colorectal Cancer Patients: An Insight from Private Center from the North of Brazil

Charles Cruz e Silva

Médico Cirurgião Geral, Universidade do Estado do Pará (UEPA), Hospital Porto Dias, Belém, Pará, Brasil.

Weany Jeniffer Costa da Conceição

Graduanda em Medicina, Universidade do Estado do Pará (UEPA), Belém, Pará, Brasil.

Paulo Victor Ataliba Morais

Médico Cirurgião Geral, Universidade do Estado do Pará (UEPA), Hospital Porto Dias, Belém, Pará, Brasil.

Suellen Emilliany Feitosa Machado *

Farmacêutica, Doutora em Ciências Farmacêuticas, Universidade Federal do Pará (UFPA), Belém, Pará, Brasil.

Raissa Norat Vanetta

Médica Cirurgiã Oncológica, Hospital do Amor de Barretos, Hospital Porto Dias, Belém, Pará, Brasil.

*Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.


Abstract

Aims: to analyze results of partial or total colectomies conducted in colorectal cancer (CRC) patients at a private hospital in Belém, Pará, Brazil.

Study Design: The study was cross-sectional, retrospective and descriptive. Place and duration of the study: the study analyzed medical records of CRC patients subjected to either partial or total colectomy at a hospital in Belém between 2018 and 2022.

Methods: The research abided by ethical norms including the Norms for Research Involving Humans of the Health National Center. The target population was composed of CRC patients of both sexes. The definitive International Classification Diseases (ICD) C18 and C19 and the following keywords “colorectal cancer”, “colon cancer”, “partial colectomy” and “total colectomy” were used to search the medical records. The analyzed variables were: epidemiologic factors, pre-operative variables, peri-operative and post-operative variables, bleeding, oncological factors, presence of compromised lymph nodes, and early and late complications.

Results: After searching the hospital records, it was found that 414 patients were hospitalized with CRC between 2018 and 2022. Of these, 288 were not considered for the study due to the exclusion criteria and, therefore, 122 patients were included in the research. Fistulas were the most common early complication and recurrence the most common late complication with significant association to the presence of positive lymph nodes to pathological staging (p=0.025). Early deaths were most recurrent in stage IV (p=0.003). No statistical relevance was found between the type of colectomy and the presence of early (p=0.906) and late (p=0.237) complications. As for surgeries, conventional surgeries were related to higher rates of complications and prolonged admission.

Conclusion: Negative outcomes for CRC patients are related to pathological staging and patients with positive lymph nodes presented the worst results. In addition, robotic surgery and laparoscopy were related to faster recovery and lessened early complications.

Keywords: Colectomy, colorectal cancer, post-operative complications, surgery


How to Cite

Silva, Charles Cruz e, Weany Jeniffer Costa da Conceição, Paulo Victor Ataliba Morais, Suellen Emilliany Feitosa Machado, and Raissa Norat Vanetta. 2024. “A Comprehensive Analysis of Outcome of Colectomy in Colorectal Cancer Patients: An Insight from Private Center from the North of Brazil”. Journal of Advances in Medicine and Medical Research 36 (7):327-36. https://doi.org/10.9734/jammr/2024/v36i75507.

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