The Role of Advanced Imaging Techniques in Predicting Cardiovascular Outcomes in Asymptomatic Individuals: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis

Arhum Mahmood

Henry Ford Health System, Detroit, USA.

Enoha El Eraky

St Vincent's University Hospital, Dublin, Ireland.

Ghazala S. Virk *

Avalon University School of Medicine, Ohio, USA.

Muhammad B. Chaudhry

CMH Lahore Medical College and Institute of Dentistry, Lahore, Pakistan.

Manal A. Bhinder

CMH Lahore Medical College and Institute of Dentistry, Lahore, Pakistan.

Ayesha Saleem

Allama Iqbal Medical College, Lahore, Pakistan.

Muhammad Sajawal

Nishtar Medical University, Multan, Pakistan.

Rubela Ray

Bankura Sammilani Medical College, Bankura, India.

Sumaiyya Mohiuddin

Shadan Institute of Medical Sciences, Hyderabad, India.

Muhammad O. Zafar

Dow Medical College, Karachi, Pakistan.

*Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.


Abstract

Background: Global trends in cardiovascular death have declined and survival rates have decreased over the last 30 years as a result of advancements in medical and interventional therapy.

Objectives: This systematic evaluation and meta-assessment aim to evaluate the predictive efficacy of superior imaging techniques, in particular, CCTA, in asymptomatic people, aiming to elucidate their potential advantages and disadvantages for screening purposes and offer insights into their suitability for risk stratification and control on this populace, informing future scientific recommendations and practices in cardiovascular screening.

Methods: PubMed and Cochrane Library were searched thoroughly for literature search. Ten articles were extracted to be included in this study.

Results: A total of ten studies were included in this systematic review and meta-analysis. All of the included studies were cohorts either retrospective or prospective cohorts. Meta-analysis was performed for two variables that are Cardiovascular Mortality and MACE. Cardiovascular mortality was shown to be improved with the use of Coronary Computed Tomographic Angiography (CCTA). Only one study reported the quantitative effect of CCTA on MACE.

Conclusion: To conclude, our systematic overview and meta-analysis highlight the tremendous position of CCTA in predicting cardiovascular consequences in asymptomatic individuals, suggesting its potential as a precious danger assessment tool for detecting CAD and enhancing cardiovascular mortality prediction, though similar research is wanted to verify its definitive role in medical practice.

Keywords: Cardiovascular disease, asymptomatic patients, artery disease, mortality


How to Cite

Mahmood, Arhum, Enoha El Eraky, Ghazala S. Virk, Muhammad B. Chaudhry, Manal A. Bhinder, Ayesha Saleem, Muhammad Sajawal, Rubela Ray, Sumaiyya Mohiuddin, and Muhammad O. Zafar. 2024. “The Role of Advanced Imaging Techniques in Predicting Cardiovascular Outcomes in Asymptomatic Individuals: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis”. Journal of Advances in Medicine and Medical Research 36 (7):104-19. https://doi.org/10.9734/jammr/2024/v36i75489.

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