Antimicrobial Activity of Oxygen Active Gel against Porphyromonas gingivalis Contamination at the Implant-abutment Interface

Wang Hsing Han

Department of Post-graduation in Implantology, School of Dentistry, University of Santo Amaro, São Paulo-SP, Brazil.

Sabino Haroldo Ferrari Jr

Department of Post-graduation in Implantology, School of Dentistry, University of Santo Amaro, São Paulo-SP, Brazil.

Rafaela D. Parolina de Carvalho

University of Campinas - UNICAMP, Campinas-SP, Brazil.

Rogério Nagai

Department of Post-graduation in Implantology, School of Dentistry, University of Santo Amaro, São Paulo-SP, Brazil.

Alexandre Miyahira

Department of Post-graduation in Implantology, School of Dentistry, University of Santo Amaro, São Paulo-SP, Brazil.

Karina Cogo-Müller

University of Campinas - UNICAMP, Campinas-SP, Brazil.

Marcia Hiromi Tanaka

Department of Post-graduation in Implantology, School of Dentistry, University of Santo Amaro, São Paulo-SP, Brazil.

Debora Pallos

Department of Post-graduation in Implantology, School of Dentistry, University of Santo Amaro, São Paulo-SP, Brazil.

Yeon Jung Kim *

Department of Post-graduation in Implantology, School of Dentistry, University of Santo Amaro, São Paulo-SP, Brazil.

*Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.


Abstract

Background: Bacterial contamination at the dental implant abutment interface through microgap may lead to peri-implant tissue infections resulting to marginal bone loss and affecting the long term success of implants.

Aims: The purpose of this In vitro study in vitro was to evaluate the antimicrobial activity of oxygen active gel (BlueM®) against Porphyromonas gingivalis (Pg) at the implant-abutment interface (IAI) in three different types of implant-prosthetic connections.

Methodology: A total of 45 dental implants with three different types of connections were divided into three groups (n=15/each) according to filling product at the interface: Control (C) - unfilled, BlueM (BM) - oxygen active gel, Chlorexidine (CX) - 2% chlorhexidine gel. They were incubated with a solution containing Pg for 5 days under an aerobic condition. Bacterial contamination at the interface were detected and quantificated by qPCR.

Results: All 45 implants showed contamination at the IAI by Pg after 5 days of incubation, independent of prosthetic connection type. EH type connections showed greater contamination by Pg compared to MT type connections (p=0.0098). No differences were observed among different types of connections in BM and CX groups. 

Conclusion: The application of active oxygen gel promoted a reduction in P. gingivalis contamination in EH type connections at the IAI in vitro, but did not eliminate it completely.

Keywords: Microgap, bacterial contamination, interface implant–abutment, dental implant


How to Cite

Han, Wang Hsing, Sabino Haroldo Ferrari Jr, Rafaela D. Parolina de Carvalho, Rogério Nagai, Alexandre Miyahira, Karina Cogo-Müller, Marcia Hiromi Tanaka, Debora Pallos, and Yeon Jung Kim. 2024. “Antimicrobial Activity of Oxygen Active Gel Against Porphyromonas Gingivalis Contamination at the Implant-Abutment Interface”. Journal of Advances in Medicine and Medical Research 36 (7):57-64. https://doi.org/10.9734/jammr/2024/v36i75485.

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