DNA Profiling Advances in Forensic Dentistry- A Review

Shamala S.

Department of Oral Pathology, Adhiparasakthi Dental College and Hospital, Melmaruvathur, India.

Beeula A. *

Department of Oral Pathology, Adhiparasakthi Dental College and Hospital, Melmaruvathur, India.

Swetha Lakshmi S.

Department of Oral Pathology, Adhiparasakthi Dental College and Hospital, Melmaruvathur, India.

Pavithra Banu T.

Department of Oral Pathology, Adhiparasakthi Dental College and Hospital, Melmaruvathur, India.

*Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.


Forensic Odontology is a branch of forensic science involves in human identification through dental tissues or more specifically teeth when there is the destruction of body tissues in criminal mass disasters. The importance of Forensic Dentistry in recent days lies mainly when there is little remaining material to perform such identification has led dentists working with forensic investigators to become more aware with the new molecular biology technologies. In the last few years, DNA analysis methods are more commonly applied in the forensic cases due to its uniqueness in identification of human remains even in the deceased state. DNA is a genetic material which is unique to each individual. In oral cavity and mainly in tooth structure DNA is found to be in abundant and hence it can be an excellent source of genomic DNA. Recently, DNA profiling has high reliability and is accepted as legal proofs in courts. This article mainly focuses on an overview of DNA and their applications in the last few years, highlighting its importance in forensic investigation.

Keywords: Forensic odontology, DNA profiling, disaster, human remains

How to Cite

S. , S., A. , B., S. , S. L., & T. , P. B. (2023). DNA Profiling Advances in Forensic Dentistry- A Review. Journal of Advances in Medicine and Medical Research, 35(8), 18–22. https://doi.org/10.9734/jammr/2023/v35i84993


Download data is not yet available.


Goldman AD. The scope of forensic dentistry. In: Cottone JA, Standish SM, editors. Outline of Forensic Dentistry. Chicago: Yearbook Medical Publishers. 1982;15–19.

Sakari SL, Jimson S, Masthan KM, Jacobina J. Role of DNA profiling in forensic odontology. Journal of pharmacy &bioallied sciences. 2015;7(Suppl 1): S138.

Bhoyar LZ, Mahakalkar AL. A forensic review on sex determination methods for teeth.

Sahar AH, Bibi J, Iqbal RK. Issues with DNA Fingerprinting in Forensic Lab: A Review. Journal of Medical Research and Case Reports. 2019;1 (1).

Girish KL, Rahman FS, Tippu SR. Dental DNA fingerprinting in identification of human remains. Journal of forensic dental sciences. 2010 Jul;2 (2):63.

Silva RH, Sales-Peres A, Oliveira RN, Oliveira FT, Sales-Peres SH. Use of DNA technology in forensic dentistry. Journal of Applied Oral Science. 2007;15:156-61.

Sharma A, Sachdeva A, Bhateja S, Arora G. DNA Fingerprinting-An Asset to Forensic Dentistry. Biomedical Journal. 2018;1:4.

Pretty IA, Sweet D. A look at forensic dentistry–Part 1: The role of teeth in the determination of human identity. British dental journal. 2001;190(7):359-66.

Thakar MK, Joshi B, Shrivastava P, Raina A, Lalwani S. An assessment of preserved DNA in decomposed biological materials by using forensic DNA profiling. Egyptian Journal of Forensic Sciences. 2019;9(1):1-9.

Manjunath BC, Chandrashekar BR, Mahesh M, Rani RV. DNA profiling and forensic dentistry–A review of the recent concepts and trends. Journal of forensic and legal medicine. 2011 Jul 1;18(5):191-7.

Datta P, Sood S, Rastogi P, Bhargava K, Bhargava D, Yadav M. DNA profiling in forensic dentistry. Journal of Indian Academy of Forensic Medicine. 2012;34 (2):155-8.

Anjum R, Kaur M, Hussain M, Shafi S. DNA in forensic odontology: An overview.

Rajesh E, Malthi L, Babu NA, Mukherjee S. Dna Profiling–Saviour In Forensic Odontology. European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine. 2020 Dec 14;7(5):1447-55.

Oeseburg H, de Boer RA, van Gilst WH, van der Harst P. Telomere bio- logy in healthy aging and disease. Pflugers Arch 2010;459:259–68.

Alonso A, Martin P, Albarrán C, Garcia P, Fernandez de Simon L, Jesús Iturralde M, et al. Challenges of DNA profiling in mass disaster investigations. Croat Med J 2005;46(4):540-48.

Das N, Gorea RK, Gargi J, Singh JR. Sex determination from pulpal tissue. J Indian Forensic Med 2004; 26:50.