A Study on the Bangladeshi Mothers' Experiences with Intrauterine Fetal Death (IUFD)

Deep Chowdhury

Department of Public Health, First Capital University of Bangladesh, Chuadanga-7200, Bangladesh.

Sazin Islam *

Department of Public Health, First Capital University of Bangladesh, Chuadanga-7200, Bangladesh.

Ripon Biswas

Department of Public Health, First Capital University of Bangladesh, Chuadanga-7200, Bangladesh.

Agro Bhowmik Jyoti

Department of Public Health, First Capital University of Bangladesh, Chuadanga-7200, Bangladesh.

Sonia Afroz Mukta

Department of Public Health, First Capital University of Bangladesh, Chuadanga-7200, Bangladesh.

Md. Shariful Islam

Department of Public Health, First Capital University of Bangladesh, Chuadanga-7200, Bangladesh.

*Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.


Background: IUFD (intrauterine fetal death/demise) is a devastating experience for moms. IUFD mothers run the danger of going through life feeling depressed, anxious, unhappy, and sorrowful. Therefore, it is essential to do research on how moms cope with such a terrible event.

Purpose: This study aimed to learn more about how mothers in Bangladesh dealt with intrauterine fetal death/demise (IUFD).

Methods: Using a phenomenological perspective, a purposive sample strategy was used to choose the seven informants for descriptive qualitative research. In-depth interviews were used to gather the data, which was then evaluated utilizing Colaizzi's approach.

Results: The findings revealed four key themes, including the mothers' reactions to a loss-such as painful and traumatic experiences—moral support received by the mother, unfavourable behaviour on the part of others, such as stigma and lack of support, and physical and psychological changes that interfere with the mothers' roles as wife and mother.

Conclusion: IUFD's past was very distressing for mothers, who were left with a heavy emotional weight. Support and therapeutic communication must thus be included in practice.

Keywords: IUFD, maternal experiences, support, Bangladesh

How to Cite

Chowdhury, Deep, Sazin Islam, Ripon Biswas, Agro Bhowmik Jyoti, Sonia Afroz Mukta, and Md. Shariful Islam. 2022. “A Study on the Bangladeshi Mothers’ Experiences With Intrauterine Fetal Death (IUFD)”. Journal of Advances in Medicine and Medical Research 34 (23):343-49. https://doi.org/10.9734/jammr/2022/v34i234870.


Download data is not yet available.


Daurgirdaite V, Akker OV, Purewal S. Posttraumatic stress and posttraumatic stress disorder after the termination of pregnancy and reproductive loss: A systematic review. Journal of Pregnancy. 2015;646345.

DOI: 10.1155/2015/646345

Kary AM, Arif A. Conditions associated with intrauterine fetal demise (IUFD) in pregnant women at King Abdul Aziz University (KAUH): A five-year experience. Open Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology. 2017;7:1262-1270.

DOI: 10.4236/ojog.2017.713129

Patel S, Thaker R, Shah P, Majumder S. Study of causes and complications of intra uterine fetal death (IUFD). International Journal of Reproduction, Contraception, Obstetrics and Gynecology. 2014;3(4): 931-935.

DOI: 10.5455/2320-1770.ijrcog20141211

Temple R, Smith S. Intrauterine fetal demise: Care in the aftermath, and beyond. The Journal of Family Practice. 2014;63(6):E9-E13s.

Brierley-Jones L, Crawley R, Lomax S, Ayers S. Stillbirth and stigma: The spoiling and repair of multiple social identities. OMEGA-Journal of Death and Dying. 2015;70(2):143-168.

DOI: 10.2190/OM.70.2.a

Cacciatore J, Frøen J, Killian M. Condemning self, condemning other: Blame and mental health in women suffering stillbirth. Journal of Mental Health Counseling. 2013;35(4):342-359.

Cheer K. Asia-Pacific women's experiences of stillbirth: A metasynthesis of qualitative literature. Health Care for Women International. 2016;37(8):889- 905.

Keeble CJ, Loi NM, Thorsteinsson EB. Empathy and the public perception of stillbirth and memory sharing: An Australian case. Frontiers in Psychology. 2018;9:1629.

Gopichandran V, Subramaniam S, Kalsingh MJ. Psychosocial impact of stillbirths on women and their families in Tamil Nadu, India–A qualitative study. BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth. 2018; 18(1):109.

Ryninks K, Roberts-Collins C, McKenzie-McHarg K, Horsch A. Mothers’ experience of their contact with their stillborn infant: An interpretative phenomenological analysis. BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth. 2014; 14(1):203.

Polit DF, Beck CT. Nursing research: Generating and assessing evidence for nursing practice, 9th Edition. Philadelphia: J.B. Lippincott Company; 2012.

Videbeck SL. Psychiatric-mental health nursing. Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; 2011.

Turner DW. Qualitative interview design: A practical guide for novice investigators. The Qualitative Report. 2010;15(3):754-760.

Cunningham FG, Leveno KJ, Bloom SL, Spong CY, Dashe JS, Hoffman BL, Sheffield JS. Hypertensive disorders. Williams Obstetrics. 2014;24:728-729.

Sun JC, Rei W, Sheu SJ. Seeing or not seeing: Taiwan’s parents’ experiences during stillbirth. International Journal of Nursing Studies. 2014;51(8):1153-1159.

Crawley R, Lomax S, Ayers S. Recovering from stillbirth: The effects of making and sharing memories on maternal mental health. Journal of Reproductive and Infant Psychology. 2013;31(2):195-207.

DOI: 10.1080/02646838.2013.795216

Allahdadian M, Irajpour A, Kazemi A, Kheirabadi G. Strategy for mental health improvement of Iranian stillborn mothers from their perspective: A qualitative study. Iranian Red Crescent Medical Journal. 2016;18(1):e21081.

DOI: 10.5812/ircmj.21081

Mills TA, Ricklesford C, Cooke A, Heazell AEP, Whitworth M, Lavender T. Parents’ experiences and expectations of care in pregnancy after stillbirth or neonatal death: A meta-synthesis. BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics & Gynaecology. 2014;121(8):943-950.

DOI: 10.1111/1471-0528.12656

Kirk S, Fallon D, Fraser C, Robinson G, Vassallo G. Supporting parents following childhood traumatic brain injury: A qualitative study to examine the information and emotional support needs across key care transitions. Child Care, Health and Development. 2015;41(2):303-313.

Downe S, Schmidt E, Kingdon C, Heazell AE. Bereaved parents’ experience of stillbirth in UK hospitals: A qualitative interview study. BMJ Open. 2013;3(2): e002237.

Murphy S. Reclaiming a moral identity: Stillbirth, stigma and ‘moral mothers’. Midwifery. 2012;28(4):476-480.

Huberty JL, Coleman J, Rolfsmeyer K, Wu S. A qualitative study exploring women’s beliefs about physical activity after stillbirth. BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth. 2014; 14(1):26.

Heazell AE, Siassakos D, Blencowe H, Burden C, Bhutta ZA, Cacciatore OK. Stillbirths: Economic and psychosocial consequences. The Lancet. 2016; 387(10018):604-616.

DOI: 10.1016/S0140-6736(15)00836-3

Penman EL, Breen JL, Hewitt LY, Prigerson HG. Public attitudes about normal and pathological grief. Death Studies. 2014;33:510-516.

DOI: 10.1080/07481187.2013.873839

Burden C, Bradley S, Storey C, Ellis A, Heazell AE, Downe S, Siassakos D. From grief, guilt, pain, and stigma to hope and pride–a systematic review and meta-analysis of mixed-method research of the psychosocial impact of stillbirth. BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth. 2016;16(9): 1-12.

DOI: 10.1186/s12884-016-0800-8