Psychosocial and Demographic Variables as Correlates of Patterns of Substance Abuse among in-Patients in Two Selected Neuro-Psychiatric Hospitals in South-West, Nigeria

Main Article Content

Quamariyat Adekemi Akinlawon
Christiana Obiageli Emeghara
Christian C. C. Asonye
Olawale Rasheed Oladapo
Okechukwu Emeghara

Abstract

Aims: The study main objective is to access psychosocial and demographic variables as correlates of patterns of psychoactive substance abuse among patients admitted to drug treatment centers in two federal mental health institutions in Nigeria.

Study Design: Descriptive correlational research design.

Place and Duration of Study: Neuropsychiatric Hospital (Aro & Lantoro Annex) Abeokuta and Federal Neuro Psychiatric Hospital, Yaba, Lagos in February 2018.

Methodology: The sample size for this study comprises 224 patients admitted for treatment due to psychoactive substance abuse at the Neuropsychiatric Hospital (Aro & Lantoro Annex) Abeokuta and Federal Neuro Psychiatric Hospital, Yaba, Lagos. A self-developed, pre-tested semi structured interviewer administered questionnaire was used to collect data on psychosocial and demographic variables that may explain the patterns of substance abuse among. Data were analysed using descriptive and inferential statistics at 0.05 level of significance.

Results: The study found that social, psychological and demographic factors have significant influence on psychoactive substance use (F (6, 213) =23.214, P=0.07), Adj R2 = .158 (F (3, 216) =33.193, P=0.000), Adj R2 = .104, (F (6, 213) =10.101, P=0.031), Adj R2 = .062 respectively. Social factors of accessibility, family usage, affordability and peer usage exerted positive impact on psychoactive substance use β = .81, P = 000, β =.127, P = .037, β = .118, P = 0.011 and β = .139, P = .009 respectively. The psychological factors of perception, impulsivity and self- gratification exerted positive and significant influence on psychoactive substance use β = .148, P = 047, β =.197, P = .000 and β = .107, P = 0.03 respectively. Demographic factors age (x2 = 21.347, P = .000); gender (x2 = 5.432, P = .013); marital status (x2 = 2.707, P = .034) and religion is (x2 = 4.119, P = .009) exerted significant effect on pattern of substance abuse.

Conclusion: The study concluded that social, psychological and demographic variables are the main correlates of psychoactive substance abuse among patients admitted and treated in sampled Neuropsychiatric Hospitals.

Keywords:
Protean effect, social factors, psychological factors, demographic factors, psychoactive substance.

Article Details

How to Cite
Akinlawon, Q. A., Emeghara, C. O., Asonye, C. C. C., Oladapo, O. R., & Emeghara, O. (2020). Psychosocial and Demographic Variables as Correlates of Patterns of Substance Abuse among in-Patients in Two Selected Neuro-Psychiatric Hospitals in South-West, Nigeria. Journal of Advances in Medicine and Medical Research, 32(21), 65-76. https://doi.org/10.9734/jammr/2020/v32i2130696
Section
Original Research Article

References

World Health Organization. World Drug Report; 2011. Available:http:/www.who.intopics/substance abuse

Makanjuola BA, Oyeleke SA, Akande TM. Psychoactive substance use among long distance vehicle drivers in Ilorin, Nigeria. Nigerian Journal of Psychiatry. 2007;5:14-18.

Jaddick NC, Sadik LE. Psychiatric mental health nursing. Washington: Delmer Publisher; 2011.

Stephen K. Alcohol use among soldiers in Bokavo cantonment. Unpublished Masters Thesis, Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria, Nigeria; 2010.

Anyanwu OU, Ibekwe RC, Ojinnaka NC. Pattern of substance abuse among adolescent secondary school students in Abakaliki. Cogent Medicine. 2016; 3(1). DOI: 10.1080/2331205x.2016.1272160

Ahmad NA, Ismail R, Ibrahim F, Nen S. Individual, family and social environmental factors influencing the involvement of adolescents in substance abuse. Jurnal Antidadah Malaysia. 2015;9(1).

Johnston LD, O’Malley PM, Batchman JM, Schulenberg JE. Monitoring the future national result on adolescent drug use: Overview of key findings (NIH Publication No.08-6418). Bethesda, MD: National Institute on Drug Abuse; 2012.

Gudaji MI, Habib ZG. Socio-demographic factors associated with psychoactive substance use among commercial motorcycle operators in Kano, Nigeria. Open Journal of Psychiatry. 2016;6:76-85.

Donald CC. Risk factors for the misuse of psychoactive substances among university students in the Niger Delta region of Nigeria. American Journal of Psychiatry Neuroscience. 2017;20:6-11.

Deressa W, Azazh A. Substance use and its predictors among undergraduate medical students of Addis Ababa University in Ethiopia. BMC Public Health. 2011;11:660.

Osman T, Victor C, Abdulmonein A, Mohammed H, Abdalla F, et al. Epidemiology of substance use among university students in Sudan. J Addict; 2016.

Makanjuola F. Patterns of substance use among secondary school students, Ilorin Northern Nigeria. West Africa Journal of Medicine. 2013;13(5):27-90.

Aguocha CM, Duru CB, Ndukuba AC, Nwefoh EC. Gender differences in psychoactive substance use among undergraduates in a developing country. Journal of Substance Use. 2020;1-9. DOI: 10.1080/14659891.2020.1779363

Tesfaye G, Derese A, Hambisa MT. Substance use and associated factors among university students in Ethiopia: A cross-sectional study. Journal of Addiction. 2014;1-8. DOI: 10.1155/2014/969837

Lasebikan VO, Ola BA. Prevalence and correlates of alcohol use among a sample of Nigerian semirural community dwellers in Nigeria. Journal of Addiction. 2016;1-6. DOI: 10.1155/2016/2831594

Adamson TA, Onifade PO, Ogunwale AO. Trends in socio demographic and drug abuse variables in patients with alcohol and drug use disorders in a treatment facility. West African Journal of Medicine. 2010;29:12-18.

Ansari-Moghaddam A, Rakhshani F, Shahraki-Sanavi F, Mohammadi M, Miri-Bonjar M, Bakhshani N. Prevalence and patterns of tobacco, alcohol and drug use among Iranian adolescents: A meta-analysis of 58 studies. Children and Youth Services Review. 2016;60:68-79. DOI: 10.1016/j.childyouth.2015.11.018

Gebrelassie M, Feleke A, Melese T. Psychoactive substances use and associated factors among Axum university students, Axum Town, North Ethiopia. BMC Public Health. 2013;13:693.

Dada O. University undergraduate students and substance abuse: A survey of a state university in Nigeria. Pak J Soc Sci. 2012;9:292-301.

Atwoli L, Mungla PA, Ndung'u MN, Kinoti KC, Ogot EM. Prevalence of substance use among college students in Eldoret, Western Kenya. BMC Psychiatry. 2011;11:34.

Makanjuola AB, Daramola TO, Obembe AO. Psychoactive substance use among medical students in a Nigerian university. World Psychiatry. 2007;6:112-114.