COVID-19 and Its Effect on Dentistry

Main Article Content

Amil Sharma
Rupali Balpande
Arpit Shrivastava
Gayatri Deshmukh
Pritee Bargaje
Sharmishtha Sharma


COVID-19 or normally known as a coronavirus disease has already been in a pandemic situation which almost grabs many countries in the world. Its outbreak is still at large and even grasping medical professionals too.COVID-19 is a disease caused by SARS-CoV-2 that can trigger what doctors call a respiratory tract infection. It can affect the upper respiratory tract (sinuses, nose, and throat) or lower respiratory tract (windpipe and lungs). It spreads the same way other coronaviruses do, mainly through person-to-person contact. Infections range from mild to deadly. Although the mortality rate of this virus is low, it is especially potent against people with underlying systemic conditions. The practice of dentistry involves the use of rotary dental and surgical instruments, such as Handpieces or ultrasonic Scalars and air-water syringes. These instruments create a visible spray that can contain particle droplets of water, saliva, blood, microorganisms, and other debris. Dental health care professionals are at higher risk due to their close working field to the patient's oral cavity. The outbreak of COVID-19 has affected all businesses including general dental practices, which are suffering huge financial losses as they have been advised to give only emergency dental care because dentistry is a profession where the doctor as well as the dental staff works in close range of patients mouth. These recommendations should be appreciated as a positive step but they have caused serious financial implications for dental practices. It can be concluded that current dental practice globally is limited to the provision of emergency treatments only. So this article briefly discussed Covid-19 and a precautionary measurement needs to be taken by dental professionals

Covid-19, dental professionals, personal protection equipment.

Article Details

How to Cite
Sharma, A., Balpande, R., Shrivastava, A., Deshmukh, G., Bargaje, P., & Sharma, S. (2020). COVID-19 and Its Effect on Dentistry. Journal of Advances in Medicine and Medical Research, 32(21), 14-24.
Review Article


Mohd. Sibghatullah Khatib, Nagarjun Madanala et al. COVID-19 impact on dentistry: A review. International Journal of Scientific Research. 2020;9(6):1-2. DOI : 10.36106

Amber Ather, Biraj Patel, et al. Coronavirus Disease 19 (COVID-19): Implications for Clinical Dental Care, JOE. 2020;46:584-595.

Izzetti R, Nisi M, et al COVID-19 Transmission in dental practice: Brief review of preventive Measures in Italy, Journal of Dental Research 1–9 International & American Associations for Dental Research; 2020.

Saqib Ali, Imran Farooq et al. Current clinical dental practice guidelines and the financial impact of COVID-19 on Dental Care Providers, European Journal of Dentistry; 2020.

Farooq I, Ali S, Moheet IA, AlHumaid J. COVID-19 outbreak, disruption of dental education, and the role of teledentistry. Pak J Med Sci. 2020;36(7). DOI:

Matteo Peditto, Simone Scapellato et al -Dentistry during the COVID-19 Epidemic: An Italian Workflow for the Management of Dental Practice, Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health .2020;17( 3325):1-15. DOI:10.3390/ijerph17093325

Robinson Sabino-Silva, Ana Carolina Gomes Jardim et al- Corona virus COVID-19 impacts to dentistry and potential salivary diagnosis. Clinical Oral Investigations. 2020;24:1619–1621.

Stephen K. Harrel, John Molinari. Aerosols and splatter in dentistry A brief review of the literature and infection control implications, JADA. 2004;135:429-437.

Maren Eggers, Torsten Koburger-Janssen. In Vitro Bactericidal and Virucidal Efficacy of Povidone-Iodine Gargle/Mouthwash Against Respiratory and Oral Tract Pathogens, Infect Dis Ther. 2018;1-11.

Teanpaisan R, Taeporamaysamai M, et al The usefulness ofthe modified extra-oral vacuum aspirator (EOVA) from household vacuum cleaner in reducing bacteria in dental aerosols, International Dental Journal. 2001;51:413-416.

Huaqiu Guo, Yin Zhou,et al The impact of the COVID-19 epidemic on the utilization of emergency dental services, Journal of Dental Sciences; 2020 Mar 16. DOI: 10.1016/j.jds.2020.02.002.

Wei-jie Guan, Zheng-yi Ni et al. Clinical characteristics of novel corona virus infection in China, med Rxiv; 2019. Available: https: //www. medrxiv. org/ content/ 10.1101/2020.02.06.20020974v1. Accessed March 11, 2020

Neha Verma, Pankaj Sangwan et al- Effect of Different Concentrations of Sodium Hypochlorite on Outcome of Primary Root Canal Treatment: A Randomized Controlled Trial. J Endod. 2019;45(4):357-363. DOI: 10.1016/j.joen.2019.01.003

Randy S. Wax, Michael D. Christian -Practical recommendations for critical care and anesthesiology teams caring for novel corona virus (2019-nCoV) patients, Canadian Anesthesiologists Society, Can J Anesth/J Can Anesth. 2020;1-9.

Air, Surface Environmental, and Personal Protective Equipment Contamination by Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) From a Symptomatic Patient, JAMA Published online. 2020;1-3.

News Archives from google and other news agencies and different government covid-19 data portals; 2020.