Relation between DMFT and Socioeconomic Status in Females Attending Taibah University Clinics

Main Article Content

Ebtehal Alhusaini
Sara Alraddadi
Abrar Almatrfi
Shrouq Alrwitai
Roa'a Alrefai
May Gamar Elanbya


Aim: To assess the decayed, missing and filled tooth (DMFT) index of adult female patients attending dental clinics in the College of Dentistry Taibah University. And to link the socioeconomic factors that may influence the DMFT.

Study Design: A Cross-sectional analytical study.

Place and Duration of Study: Conducted in Taibah University Dental Clinics, Female campus between January 2016 and May 2016.

Methodology: The sample included 110 newly registered adult female patients (>18 years) attended dental clinics for screening. Dental examination for the patient using an explorer and dental mirror was done. Decayed, missing and filled tooth (DMFT) index used by the World Health Organization for the evaluation of dental caries was used. The SPSS software was used for data analysis.

Results: Low DMFT presented in 49.0% of educated and 50.0% of not educated subjects. The highest percent of subjects with moderate-income ranging from 4000 to 5999 S.R/month have moderate DMFT (58.8%). The highest percent (47.4%-61.5%) of the other groups have low DMFT. Statistically, the difference is not significant.

Conclusion: The study demonstrates that DMFT is independent of socioeconomic status.

Dental caries, socioeconomic status, income, education.

Article Details

How to Cite
Alhusaini, E., Alraddadi, S., Almatrfi, A., Alrwitai, S., Alrefai, R., & Elanbya, M. G. (2019). Relation between DMFT and Socioeconomic Status in Females Attending Taibah University Clinics. Journal of Advances in Medicine and Medical Research, 31(2), 1-6.
Original Research Article


Shafer AW, Hine MK, Levy BM, Rajendran R, Sivapathasundharam B. Shafers textbook of oral pathology. 6th ed. India: Elsevier India; 2009.

Anonymous. Global burden of caries disease. Oral Health Country/Area Profile Project; 2014.
(Accessed 9 March 2016)

Bagramian RA, García−Godoy F, Volpe AR. The global increase in dental caries: A pending public health crisis. American Journal of Dentistry. 2009;21(1):3−8.

Al Ansari A. Prevalence, severity, and secular trends of dental caries among various Saudi populations: A literature review. Saudi Journal of Medicine and Medical Sciences. 2014;2(3):142.

Basavaraj P, Khuller N, Khuller RI, Sharma N. Caries risk assessment and control. Journal of Oral Health and Community Dentistry. 2011;5(2):58−63.

Petersen PE. Sociobehavioural risk factors in dental caries: international perspectives. Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology. 2005;33(4):274−279.

World Health Organization. Sugars and dental caries; 2017.
(Accessed 22 October 2019)
Available: 10665/259413/WHO-NMH-NHD-17.12-eng.pdf?sequence=1

National Institute of Dental and Craniofacial Research. Dental Caries (Tooth Decay) in Adults (Age 20 to 64); 2018.
(Accessed 22 October 2019)

El−Khateeb SM, Jaber S, Alghamdi B, Jaafar A, Dar−Odeh N. Prevalence of dental caries among young women in the central western region of Saudi Arabia. International Journal of Advanced Dental and Medical Sciences. 2015;1(2):46−49.

Boing AF, Bastos JL, Peres KG, Antunes JLF, Peres MA. Social determinants of health and dental caries in Brazil: a systematic review of the literature between 1999 and 2010. Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia. 2014;17(2): 102-115.

Peres MA, Peres KG, Traebert J, Zabot NE, Lacerda JTD. Prevalence and severity of dental caries are associated with the worst socioeconomic conditions: A Brazilian cross−sectional study among 18−year−old males. Journal of Adolescent Health. 2005;37(2):103-109.

Polk DE, Weyant RJ, Manz MC. Socioeconomic factors in adolescent's oral health: Are they mediated by oral hygiene behaviors or preventive interventions. Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology. 2010;38(1):1−9.

Somkotra T. Socioeconomic inequality in self−reported oral health status: The experience of Thailand after implementation of the universal coverage policy. Community Dental Health. 2011; 28(2):136-142.

Vazquez FDL, Cortellazzi KL, Kaieda AK, Bulgareli JV, Mialhe FL, Ambrosano GMB, et al. Individual and contextual factors related to dental caries in underprivileged Brazilian adolescents. BMC Oral Health. 2015;15(1):6.