Journal of Advances in Medicine and Medical Research <p><strong>Journal of Advances in Medicine and Medical Research (2456-8899)</strong> aims to publish research papers, reviews and short communications in the areas of medicine and medical research.&nbsp; JAMMR will not only publish traditional full research reports, including short communications, but also this journal will publish reports/articles on all stages of the research process like study protocols, pilot studies and pre-protocols. JAMMR is novelty attracting, open minded, peer-reviewed medical periodical, designed to serve as a perfectly new platform for both mainstream and new ground shaking works as long as they are technically correct and scientifically motivated.&nbsp;The journal also encourages the submission of useful reports of negative results. This is a quality controlled,&nbsp;OPEN&nbsp;peer reviewed, open access INTERNATIONAL journal.</p> SCIENCEDOMAIN international en-US Journal of Advances in Medicine and Medical Research 2456-8899 Effectiveness of Teaching Lazarus Multifaceted Approach on Mental Health of the Elderly <p>The purpose of the present study was to investigate the effectiveness of teaching Lazarus multifaceted approach on mental health and well-being of elderly people in Tabriz city. The method of this research is applied. For this purpose, among all elderly women covered by health care institutions or in nursing homes of the elderly, 24 women The elderly of Tabriz city in 2012 and in two experimental and control groups (12 people) were selected by random sampling method. The experimental group was trained for 2 months in 10 sessions of 90 minutes in the Lazarus multifaceted training sessions and the control group did not receive any intervention. Oxford Happiness Questionnaire and Mental Health Questionnaire (GHQ) in both groups were performed and the results were reported in SPSS20 software using one-variable covariance test. Findings showed that teaching Lazarus' multifaceted approach on the happiness of elderly women in Tabriz has a significant level of P = 0.012, as well as teaching Lazarus multifaceted approach on mental health of elderly women in Tabriz at a significant level of P Has an impact. Therefore, we conclude that teaching Lazarus' multifaceted approach will increase the health and improve the mental health of the elderly.</p> Mahoory, Parisa Aghdasi, Ali Naghi Seyyedvalilou, Mirmahmood ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2019-07-18 2019-07-18 1 11 10.9734/jammr/2019/v30i330175 The Role of Hemic Hypoxia in the Development of Sensorineural Hearing Loss in Children Associated with Hepatitis B <p><strong>Background: </strong>There are not enough studies and evidenced researches conducted related to this topic. Therefore, we studied fetal haemoglobin in various somatic diseases in children with sensorineural hearing loss associated with hepatitis B.</p> <p><strong>Materials and Methods:</strong> 26 children with sensorineural hearing loss associated with hepatitis B, aged from 5 to 18 years, were examined. The comparison group consisted of 8 children with sensorineural hearing loss without concomitant somatic pathology. The control group consisted of 12 healthy children. The compulsory examination plan for patients included generally accepted laboratory and instrumental diagnostic methods: complete blood count, urine, feces, Wasserman reaction, ECG.</p> <p><strong>Results: </strong>Hb concentration in blood inpatient children with sensorineural hearing loss of the associated chronic hepatitis B (CHB) was reduced significantly by 58% compared with the healthy children. In children with Sensorineural Hearing Loss (CHT) without CHB, the studied parameter decreased when compared with healthy children by 25%. Analysis of the results showed a significant increase in the level of fetal haemoglobin in the blood of children with CHT associated with hepatitis B on average by 1.5 times, indicating hypoxia.</p> <p><strong>Conclusion: </strong>Dependence of the indices of partial oxygen in the blood and, to a greater extent, HbF, on the blood content of the vasoconstrictor endothelin-1, von Willebrand factor, indicates the pathogenetic significance of the leading markers of endothelial dysfunction in the development of tissue hypoxia in children with sensorineural hearing loss combined liver disease.</p> D. Sh. Islomov A. A. Khadjimetov E. Sh. Amonov ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2019-07-19 2019-07-19 1 6 10.9734/jammr/2019/v30i330176 Immune Disorders of Dentoalveolar Anomalies in Schoolchildren <p>Increasing in IL-1, IL-6, IL-8 and TNF-α level in blood and oral fluid indicates an increase in antigenic stimulation of monocyte-macrophage, lymphoid cell elements, endothelial cells, fibroblasts of various organs and tissues, specifies systemic inflammatory response syndrome development and protective-adaptive reactions and maladaptation reactions formation at children with DAA.</p> Olimov Siddik Sharifovich ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2019-07-19 2019-07-19 1 5 10.9734/jammr/2019/v30i330177 Anterior Knee Pain Syndrome <p>Many diseases and types of injuries of the knee joint take a lot of time for diagnosis and the elimination of all nosologies that may cause pain. The complexity of the anatomical device of the knee joint makes it possible to isolate from the general concept of pain in the knee joint of this pathogenetically grounded syndrome. The review gives an idea of ​​a significant number of types of knee joint pathology, which, due to the structural features and similarity of the clinical picture, can be combined into the anterior knee joint pain syndrome.</p> M. Y. Karimov K. P. Tolochko K. M. Mamatkulov ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2019-07-19 2019-07-19 1 8 10.9734/jammr/2019/v30i330178