Journal of Advances in Medicine and Medical Research 2020-01-20T10:24:26+00:00 Journal of Advances in Medicine and Medical Research Open Journal Systems <p style="text-align: justify;"><strong>Journal of Advances in Medicine and Medical Research (ISSN:&nbsp;2456-8899)</strong> aims to publish research papers, reviews and short communications in the areas of medicine and medical research.&nbsp; JAMMR will not only publish traditional full research reports, including short communications, but also this journal will publish reports/articles on all stages of the research process like study protocols, pilot studies and pre-protocols. JAMMR is novelty attracting, open minded, peer-reviewed medical periodical, designed to serve as a perfectly new platform for both mainstream and new ground shaking works as long as they are technically correct and scientifically motivated.&nbsp;The journal also encourages the submission of useful reports of negative results. This is a quality controlled,&nbsp;OPEN&nbsp;peer reviewed, open access INTERNATIONAL journal.</p> Analysis of Biological Samples Necroscopic Reports from the Death Verification Service of the State of Tocantins, Brazil 2020-01-20T10:14:19+00:00 Arthur Alves Borges de Carvalho Edson Garcia Soares Layla Rabelo Costa Leonardo Pedro Dorneles Silva Mateus Vieira Gama Nelita Gonçalves Faria de Bessa Julian de Almeida Wemerson Davi de Miranda <p>Analyze, in the necroscopic reports of the Death Verification Service of the State of Tocantins (SVO-TO), the records of biological samples collected for histopathological examination and records of autolysis in histopathological results and correlate them with records of causes of mortality and morbidity. Cross-sectional observational analytical study conducted in 494 autopsy reports completed and filed in SVO-TO, Brazil, between 2012 and 2016. Records of the number of biological samples collected for histopathology, number of autolysis, number of causes of mortality and number of causes of morbidity were extracted and identified. For the analysis of the relationship between the variables, descriptive and analytical statistics were used in SAS SYSTEM software. The mean number of mortality records was 5.72 ± 2.42 (CV 42.32%), causes of morbidity: 0.2 ± 0.5 (CV 251.46%), number of biological samples collected: 2.66 ± 1.13 (CV 42.59%), number of autolysis: 1.74 ± 1.05 (CV 60.06%). The number of mortality and morbidity diagnoses recorded in SVO reports increases the higher the number of samples collected by necropsies physicians. The number of biological samples collected by necropsy positively impacts the number of causes of mortality and morbidity. Collecting more than seven tissue samples by necropsy does not impact the number of causes of mortality and morbidity. The low numbers of autolysis records suggest efficacy in the collection of biological samples in SVO-TO.</p> 2020-01-20T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Occupation Noise Exposure and Hearing Impairment among Grain Millers in Ita-Amo Market, Ilorin Metropolis, Kwara State, Nigeria 2020-01-20T10:24:26+00:00 Wasiu Temitope Shehu Henry Olawale Sawyerr Moshood Liman Ibrahim <p>Occupational noise has been identified to cause health hazard on workers. Noise pollution annoys, causes hearing loss, and disturbs mental capacity and performance. Noise pollution is becoming increasingly more severe in cities and occupational setting, escalating at such a high rate that it is now considered as a major threat to the quality of human lives. This study aims to evaluate the level of occupational noise exposure, the effect of noise Grain Millers and the use of personal protective equipment. The study group included 54 mill operators comprising males and females, from 38 mill shops. Age ranges from 15 to 58 years. The Noise Measurement was taken three times a day on 7 different occasions during active milling using Mini-Sound Level Meter (Risepro HT-80A). A semi-structured interviewer questionnaire was conducted to elicit some information such as the source of noise, use of hearing protective device and effect of noise on hearing. This study result indicated that noise exposure depends on types of mill operation and machines used for milling activities This study revealed that the respondents were exposed to noise pollution ranging from 85-115.90 dB(A) with average value of 102 dB(A) which is above the standard of 85 dB(A) given by NESREA.&nbsp; Approximately 75% of the respondent experience temporary hearing and tinnitus shortly after work and 92.59% did not have any personal protective device or hearing protective device. Therefore, there is an urgent need for intervention and awareness on the effects of noise on health and the use of hearing protective devices should be strictly enforced by the appropriate authority.</p> 2020-01-20T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement##