Adolescent Obesity and Overweight Prevalence amongst Urban Population of Pakistan

Main Article Content

Zulfiqar Khosa
M. Yaseen Bazai
Tariq Mehmood
Mukhtar Mehboob
Muhammad Zubair
Mehwish Sharif
Hamaiyal Sana
Sania Murad


Background: Adolescent obesity is a worldwide threatening health challenge. Current study was designed to assess the obesity and overweight occurrence in adolescent age groups of 12-18 years pertaining to high and low income groups of the city of Quetta Pakistan.

Methods and Results: A total of 2000 school children were investigated and classified into 1088 High Income Category (HIC) and 912 Low Income Category (LIC). Obesity and overweight were reviewed by using Body Mass Index (BMI) and Triceps Skin Fold Thickness (TSFT) specifying age and sex values for adolescents. By using BMI as the core value, occurrence of obesity and overweight remained as 1.3% to 0.5% in LIC respectively. And in HIC the obesity and overweight percentile remained 3.3% and 1.5% respectively (p<0001). While using TSFT criteria, the obesity and overweight occurrence in LIC was 0.4% and 0.4% and in HIC the obesity and overweight assessments were 1.4% and 0.7% respectively (p˂0001). Current study presented that obesity and overweight occurrence found higher in HIC compared to LIC adolescent age groups. This emphasizing the possibilities based on modified pattern of dietary habits and physical activities with mount in income height.

Conclusions: Socioeconomic condition matters in pattern of obesity and overweight amongst adolescent.

Obesity, overweight, adolescent.

Article Details

How to Cite
Khosa, Z., Bazai, M. Y., Mehmood, T., Mehboob, M., Zubair, M., Sharif, M., Sana, H., & Murad, S. (2019). Adolescent Obesity and Overweight Prevalence amongst Urban Population of Pakistan. Journal of Advances in Medicine and Medical Research, 31(5), 1-5.
Original Research Article


WHO Consultation on Obesity. Special issues in the management of obesity in childhood and adolescence. In: Obesity Preventing and Managing the Global Epidemic Geneva: WHO. 1998;231-47.

Lustig RH, Weiss R. Disorders of energy balance. In: Sperling MA, (Ed) Pediatric Endocrinology (Third Edition). Saunders Elsevier, Philadelphia, PA. 2008;788-838.

Gupta N, Goel K, Shah P, Misra A. Childhood obesity in developing countries: Epidemiology, determinants and prevention. Endocr Rev. 2012;33(1):48–70.

Wijnhoven TMA, Van Raaij JMA, Spinelli A, Starc G, Hassapidou M, Spiroski I, et al. WHO European childhood obesity surveillance initiative: Body mass index and level of overweight among 6–9-year-old children from school year 2007/2008 to school year 2009/2010. BMC Public Health. 2014;14:806.

Biro FM, Wien M. Childhood obesity and adult morbidities. Am J Clin Nutr. 2010;91(5):1499S–505S.

Freedman DS, Khan LK, Serdula MK, Dietz WH, Srinivasan SR, Berenson GS. The relation of childhood BMI to adult adiposity: The Bogalusa heart study. Pediatrics. 2005;115(1):22–7.

Gortmaker SL, Must A, Perrin JM, Sobol AM, Dietz WH. Social and economic consequences of overweight in adolescence and young adulthood. N Engl J Med. 1993;329:1008–12.

Report of the Commission on Ending Childhood Obesity. Geneva: World Health Organization; 2016.
Available: report/en /
(Accessed 27 February 2017)

WHO (World Health Organisation), International Association for the Study of Obesity (IASO) and International Obesity task Force (IOTF). The Asia-Pacific Perspective. Redefining Obesity and its treatment. Geneva: World Health Organisation; 2000.

Jafar TH, Chaturvedi N, Pappas G. Prevalence of overweight and obesity and their association with hypertension and diabetes mellitus in an Indo- Asian population. CMAJ. 2006;175:1071–7.

Anura VK, Sumathi S, Swarnarekha B. IAP National task force for childhood prevention of adult diseases: The effect of childhood physical activity on prevention of adult diseases. Indian Pediatrics. 2004;41: 37-62.

Cole JC, Mary CB, Katherine MF, William HD. Establishing a standard definition for child overweight and obesity worldwide: International survey. Br Med J. 2000;20: 320.

Must A, Gerard ED, William HD. Referencing data for obesity: 85th and 95th percentiles of body mass index and triceps skin fold thickness. Am J Clin Nutr. 1991;53:839-46.

Qamra SR, Mehta S, Deodhar SD. A mixed longitudinal study on the pattern of pubertal growth. Relationship to socio economic status and calorie intake IV. Indian Pediatrics. 1991;28:147-56.

Khor GL. Update on the prevalence of malnutrition among children in Asia. Nepal Med Coll J. 2003;5:113–22.

Chhatwal J, Verma M, Riar SK. Obesity among preadolescents of a developing country (India). Asia Pac J Clin Nutr. 2004;13:231-5.

Flodmark CE, Marcus C, Britton M. Interventions to prevent obesity in children and adolescents: A systematic literature review. Int J Obes (Lond). 2006;30:579-89.