Main Article Content
Background: Oral Contraceptive Pills (OCPs) are the most widely prescribed form of hormonal contraception both in developed and developing countries. They are also the most popular non-surgical method of contraception.
Objective: To determine the prevalence rate and socio-demographic characteristics of oral contraceptive pills acceptors at the Rivers State University Teaching Hospital (RSUTH), Port Harcourt.
Methods: A 10 year review of all clients who accepted oral contraceptive pills in the family planning clinic of the hospital from 1st January, 2008 to 31st December, 2017. Data was extracted, coded and analyzed using the Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) IBM version 25.0 (Armonk, NY).
Results: There were 1893 contraceptive acceptors during the study period, out of which 86 (4.5%) accepted the oral pills. Majority of the clients 66 (76.8%) were between the age range of 20 to 34, married 82 (95.3%), multiparous 48 (55.8%), Christians 82 (95.3%) and 82 (95.3%) had formal education. Clinical personnel were the commonest source of information on the use of oral contraceptive pills, accounting for 36 (41.8%).
Conclusion: Oral contraceptive pills are methods of contraception used by young, multiparous and educated women. Only 4.5% of the women accepted OCPs during the study period therefore concerted efforts should be made to improve its uptake in the family planning clinic.
Grace K. Contraceptive use and interest in Guatemala. Demographic research. 2010; 23(12):335-364.
Cleland J, Conde-Agudelo A, Peterson H, Ross J, Tsui A. Contraception and health. Lancet. 2012;380:149-156.
Hall KS, Trussell J. Types of combined oral contraceptives used by US women. Contraception. 2012;86(6):659-665.
Enyindah CE, Nonye-Enyidah E. Contraception with combined oral contraceptives in Port-Harcourt, Nigeria. Port-Harcourt Medical Journal. 2012;6(1): 81-88.
Ojule JD, Oranu EO. Birth control pills: Profile of acceptors at University of Port-Harcourt Teaching Hospital, Port-Harcourt, Nigeria. British Journal of Medicine and Medical Research. 2017;20(3):1- 7.
Edmonds K, Gebbie AE. Fertility control. In: Monga A (Ed.). Gynaecology by ten teachers. 18th Edition, London. Bookpower Publishing Company. 2006;59-75.
WHO. Dept. of reproductive health and research (WHO/RHR) and John Hopkins Bloomberg School of public health / Centre for Communication Programs (CCP): Family planning. A global handbook for providers. Baltimore and Geneva; 2011.
Glasier A. Contraception. In: Edmonds DK (Ed.). Dewhurst’s textbook of obstetrics and gynaecology. 7th Edition. Oxford Blackwell Publishing. 2007;299-317.
Reid RL. Non contraceptive uses of hormonal contraceptives. Obstetrics and Gynaecology. 2010;115(1):206-218.
Landry D, Wei J, Frost J. Public and private providers involvement in improving their patients’ contraceptive use. Contraception. 2008;78:42-58.
Abasiattai AM, Utuk MN, Ojeh SO, Eyo UE. Combined oral contraceptive pills: Profile of acceptors in a tertiary hospital in South-South Nigeria. Nigeria Medical Journal. 2011;52(1):19-23.
Abasiattai AM, Bassey EA, Umoiyoho AJ. Contraceptive practice in a tertiary hospital in South-South, Nigeria. Sahel Medical Journal. 2009;12(2):68-72.
Shulman LP. The state of hormonal contraception today: Benefits and risks of hormonal contraceptives: Combined estrogen and progestogen contraceptives. American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology. 2011;205(4 supp.):S9-S13.
Harvrilesky LJ, Moorman PG, et al. Oral contraceptive pills as primary prevention of ovarian cancer. A systematic review and meta-analysis. Obstetrics and Gynaecology. 2013;122(1):130-147.
Russel R, Kingsland C. The risks and benefits of combined oral contraceptive pill. The Journal of the Royal College of Physicians of Edinburgh. 2008;38:224-227.
Fraser IS, Jensen J, Schaefers M, Mellinger U, Parke S, Serrani M. Normalization of blood loss in women with heavy menstrual bleeding treated with oral containing estradiol valerate/ dienogestrel. contraception. 2012;86:96-101.
Jejeebhoy SJ. Santhya KG, Zavier AJE. Demand for contraception to delay first pregnancy among young married women in India, Studies in Family Planning. 2014; 45(2):183-201.
Mairiga AG, Kyari O, Audu B, Lawuwa BM. Socio-clinical characteristics of modern contraceptive users at the University of Maiduguri Teaching Hospital. Nigeria Journal of Clinical Practice. 2007;10(2): 152-155.
Oghenekaro AV. Contraceptive choice amongst women in Warri, Nigeria. International Journal of Life Sci. Pharma. Res. 2012;2:35-39.
Oye Adeniran BA, Adewole IF, Odeyemi KA, Ekanem EE, Umoh AV. Contraceptive prevalence among women in Nigeria. Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology. 2005;25:182-185.
Black A, Yang Q, Wen SW et al. Contraceptive use among Canadian women of reproductive age: Results of a national survey. Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Canada. 2009;31(7):627-640.
Grewal M, Burkman RT. Contraception and family planning. In: Decherny AH, Nathan L (Eds.). Current obsterics and gynaecology, diagnosis and treatment. 9th Edition, London Lange Medical Books/McGraw Hills companies. 2003; 631-650.
Emuveyan EE. Advances in contraception. In: Kwawukume EY and Emuveyan EE (Eds.). Comprehensive gynaecology in the tropics. Graphic packaging Ltd, Accra. 2005;233-246.
Wiebe E. Contraceptive practices and attitudes among immigrant and non immigrant women in Canada. Canadian Family Physician. 2013;59:e451-455.
Chigbu B, Onwere S, Aluka C, Kamanu C, Okoro O, Feyi-Waboso P. Contraceptive choices of women in Rural South-Eastern Nigeria. Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice. 2010;13:195-199.
Ikiaki CU, Inaku JE, Ekabua JE, Odusola PO, Njoku CO. Use of combined oral contraceptive pill among teenage girls in Calabar, Nigeria. Open Access Journal of Contraception. 2012;3:31-35.