Assessment of Risk Factors Associated with Diabetic Foot Ulcers among Diabetic Patients Attending Suez Canal University Hospitals

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Shorok Gamal
Abd-Raof El-Deib
Fawzi A. Khalil
Khalil A. Khalil
Seham A. Omar
Mohmed M. Abdou
Hamdy Sliem

Abstract

Background: Diabetic patients are prone to multiple complications such as diabetic foot ulcers (DFUs). There are many risk factors associated with DFUs that could be simply prevented.

Aim: Assessment of risk factors associated with Diabetic Foot Ulcers and their prevalence among diabetic patients attending Suez Canal University Hospitals.

Patients and Methods: This was a descriptive cross-sectional study carried in Diabetic and Endocrinology clinic of Suez Canal University Hospital where 68 patients with diabetic foot ulcers were examined.  Patients were interviewed using a structured questionnaire to document clinical history. Statistical analysis was performed using SPSS software Ver. 22.

Results: The mean age was 58.29± 10.86 years. The most prevalent and significant risk factors were: absence of foot self-care (95.6%), poor foot health education (92.6%), wearing inappropriate shoes (89.7%), insulin dependent therapy (83.8%), poor compliance on diet or treatment (73.5%), poor glycemic control (72.1%), duration of diabetes more than 10 years (70.6%) and presence of peripheral neuropathy (67.6%) with P values <0.05%.

 Conclusion: The most prevalent risk factors among DFUs patients were:  absence of foot self-care, insufficient receiving foot health education and wearing in-appropriate shoes.

Keywords:
Amputation, diabetes, foot, risk factors.

Article Details

How to Cite
Gamal, S., El-Deib, A.-R., Khalil, F. A., Khalil, K. A., Omar, S. A., Abdou, M. M., & Sliem, H. (2018). Assessment of Risk Factors Associated with Diabetic Foot Ulcers among Diabetic Patients Attending Suez Canal University Hospitals. Journal of Advances in Medicine and Medical Research, 28(4), 1-8. https://doi.org/10.9734/JAMMR/2018/45518
Section
Original Research Article